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Marshfield Clinic Research Foundation

luck

Five, seven-point Likert-type items are used to measure a person’s belief that he/she is experiencing good luck during the current day.

A person’s belief that he/she is lucky and frequently experiences it is measured with five, seven-point Likert-type items.

Four statements are used to measure the attitude one holds about luck such that it plays an important role in life and favors some people while not others.

The extent to which a person is superstitious is measured based his/her belief in three phenomena that, if genuine, would violate basic limiting principles of science.

The degree to which a person believes that fate determines outcomes in life (external locus of control) verses self (internal locus of control) is measured in this scale using six, seven-point items. 

The degree to which a person views fate as a powerful force that influences events and outcomes is measured in this scale using six, ten-point Likert-type items.  Fate has a sense of predestination while luck is more transient.  Despite the distinction, the scale seems to capture aspects of both.

The scale has 27 seven-point Likert-type items that measure the degree to which one believes that heath outcomes are controllable. Internals are those who believe outcomes are based upon their own behavior whereas externals think that outcomes depend more on luck, fate, or other people.

The degree to which a person attributes success to his/her own efforts versus fate or other forces is measured in this scale with ten forced-choice items. The Valecha (1972) version of the scale asks respondents not only to choose between items in each pair but also to indicate how close the choice is to their own true opinions.