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Marshfield Clinic Research Foundation

morality

The extent to which an entity (company, organization, person, etc.) is viewed as compassionate and moral or, at the other extreme, cruel and harmful is measured with three, seven-point semantic differentials.

Four, seven-point unipolar items measure how much a person considers another person to be ethical and sincere.

The degree to which a person votes for liberal political candidates as well as not believing in absolute right and wrong is measured with four Likert-type items.

Using four, seven-point Likert-type items, the scale measures how much a person believes that another person is attempting to mislead others by presenting an image of him/herself that is not true.

With four, nine-point items, the scale measures the extent to which a person believes that one or more employees of a company engaged in improper activity that deceived and harmed clients.  WARNING: The article in which this scale was reported has been retracted by the second author due to anomilies in the data and analyses [Journal of Consumer Research (2020), 47 (4), 632]. The extent to which the anomilies affected this scale is unknown.

Four, nine-point items compose the scale which measures the extent to which a person believes an employee of a company has done something that is either immoral and damaging to his/her company or, at the other extreme, was honest and helpful.  WARNING: The article in which this scale was reported has been retracted by the second author due to anomilies in the data and analyses [Journal of Consumer Research (2020), 47 (4), 632]. The extent to which the anomilies affected this scale is unknown.

Four, seven-point semantic-differentials compose the scale and measure how much a person believes that something (person, organization, action) is kind and ethical or, at the other extreme, cruel and immoral.

A person’s attitude about the appropriateness of sex being used in advertising, TV programs, and other media is measured with three items.

Twelve, seven-point, uni-polar items are used to describe how much a person’s moral character is characterized by traits such as altruism, sincerity, and purity.

How much a person views another person as generous and caring is measured in this scale with four unipolar items.  Application of this scale to measuring the altruism of entities other than individual persons seems possible.