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Scale Reviews

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This scales book is a classic in psychometrics. It is instrumental for survey researchers in the fields of advertising, marketing, consumer psychology, and other related fields that rely largely on attitudinal measures. My copy has gotten me through years of field research by helping provide testable, reliable scales.
Angeline Close Scheinbaum, Ph.D.
University of Texas at Austin


Four Likert-type items are used to measure the degree to which a person expresses satisfaction with air travel in general. The scale was referred to as convenience by Bruning, Kovacic, and Oberdick (1985).

This is a three-item, seven-point Likert-type scale measuring the degree to which a consumer describes a transaction with a dealer as being fair. The type of dealer studied by Oliver and Swan (1989) was for cars.

Two-item, five-point items are used to measure the recalled number of times a company failed to handle a customer's request in the previous two years. Crosby and Stephens (1987) used the scale with policy owners and asked them to respond about insurance companies.