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Testimonial

The Handbook series is a significant compendium of scales published in the most impacting marketing literature. I am a proud owner of the series and hope to be able to continue collecting the volumes in the years to come.
Dr. Emanuel Said
Lecturer in Marketing, University of Malta

sponsor

How positive a person feels about the sponsor of an event is measured with three, seven-point Likert-type items.  The event being sponsored is not identified in the sentences themselves which makes the scale amenable for use with a wide variety of contexts.

With three, seven-point Likert-type items, the scale measures a person’s belief that the way something was sponsored made him/her feel more positively towards sponsorship in general.

Using four, seven-point Likert-type items, the scale measures a person’s belief that the sponsor of an event truly cares about it and thinks it deserves support.

Four, seven-point Likert-type items measure a person’s stated likelihood of buying a brand due to its sponsorship of something such as event or cause.

The scale uses four, seven-point Likert-type items to measure the degree to which a person believes the way an event is sponsored will increase his/her interest in the event and the likelihood of attending it.

Three Likert-type items are used to measure the degree which a person believes the reason a brand sponsors something, such as a team, event, or charity, is because it is something that is expected by constituents, e.g., employees, customers, the community at large.

With three, seven-point semantic differentials, the scale measures the novelty and interestingness of a sponsorship being promoted in an advertisement by a sponsoring entity for something such as an event, an organization, or a cause.

The degree to which a sponsoring entity and a sponsee are viewed as fitting together well is measured with three, seven-point semantic differentials.  (A sponsee is the entity being sponsored, such as an event, an organization, or a cause.)

The scale is composed of four, seven-point items that measure a person’s belief that a specified entity (person, cause, organization) being sponsored for some unstated reason is similar in its goals and image to the specified sponsor.

Four Likert-type items are used to measure the degree to which a parent holds positive beliefs about "advergames" made for children.  (Advergames are custom-made for a good or service in order to entertain potential consumers as well as promote the brand.)