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Scale Reviews

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This scales book is a classic in psychometrics. It is instrumental for survey researchers in the fields of advertising, marketing, consumer psychology, and other related fields that rely largely on attitudinal measures. My copy has gotten me through years of field research by helping provide testable, reliable scales.
Angeline Close Scheinbaum, Ph.D.
University of Texas at Austin


With three, six-point Likert-type items, this scale is intended to measure a person's beliefs regarding the malleability of traits and attributes related to things in the world (self, others, and the environment).  At one extreme, some believe that the world is uncontrollable and fixed while at the other extreme there are people who view people and things as changeable and adaptive.

The extent to which a person identifies with people around the world is measured in this scale using nine, seven point statements.

The degree to which a person views fate as a powerful force that influences events and outcomes is measured in this scale using six, ten-point Likert-type items.  Fate has a sense of predestination while luck is more transient.  Despite the distinction, the scale seems to capture aspects of both.

This four-item, seven-point Likert-type scale is used in measuring the degree to which a person reports enjoyment of work in general and staying busy. This is not necessarily an indication of involvement or interest in a specific job.

A three-item, six-point scale is used for measuring the degree to which a person places importance on socially-related values such as security, belongingness, and respectability in his/her life.

This scale is composed of six, five-point Likert-type items that measure the degree to which a person is oriented toward possessing goods and money as a means of personal happiness and social progress.

A nine-item, four-point Likert-like scale is used to measure a person's agreement about the positive benefits of legalized casino-gambling in his/her city.

The scale uses four, nine-point Likert-type items to measure the degree to which a person views power usage in social relationships to be hierarchic rather than egalitarian.

The scale measures the degree to which a person has positive expectations for his/her future.  Two versions of the scale are described: one with three, seven-point Likert items and another with five, five-point Likert items.

Five, seven-point Likert-type items are used to measure the degree to which a person views a certain set of moral traits as being deeply rooted in his/her self-concept.  The set of characteristics is related to compassion and trustworthiness.