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Scale Reviews

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Testimonial

The Handbook series is a significant compendium of scales published in the most impacting marketing literature. I am a proud owner of the series and hope to be able to continue collecting the volumes in the years to come.
Dr. Emanuel Said
Lecturer in Marketing, University of Malta

Shopping Conditions (Local)

This five-item, six-point, Likert-type scale measures a consumer's attitude about shopping at local stores. It was referred to as negative attitude toward local shopping by Hawes and Lumpkin (1984) because items were scored such that higher scores implied more negative attitudes.